The tramway in Nice, art that'll stop you in your tracks
A few years ago, I took a course that required me to get up early and catch a bus to another town. Sometimes I would take the tram to the bus stop and I used to giggle every time I heard the breathlessly sexy voices announce the next tram arrêt. Little did I know that these announcements were part of the “Art in the City” (L’art dans la ville avec le tramway) project. Apparently these recordings are different depending on the time of day, day of week and season. They are intended to make our travel experience more agreeable, and I can personally attest to the effectiveness of the early morning ones.
When the city planners were designing the first tramway, which was inaugurated in 2007 and runs from Henri Sappia and Pont Michel, they decided that the journey should be not only about getting from one place to another, but about beauty and discovery along the way. As part of the scheme, thirteen public art pieces were installed along the 8.7km of the Line 1 track, turning it into an open-air art gallery.
“Conversations à Nice” by Spanish artist (pictured above), Jaume Plensa, found in Place Massena, is one of my favourite installations. The seven figures perched high above the plaza represent the continents. At night, they slowly change colours, symbolising a conversation taking place amongst them. Wouldn’t it be wonderful if all nations could exchange ideas in such a calm and beautiful way?
T is for tramway
These “totem poles”, which identify the tram stops, form a T when viewed from any angle. Sometimes, as you can see, they are rather abstract Ts, but Ts nonetheless. They are done in shades of blue for the sea and red ochre for the traditional colour of niçois buildings. “Totems” were designed by Pierre di Sciullo.
Blue Morse code
The lights in front of the Nice Etoile shopping centre shine like blue stars in the night sky.
The strings of lights make a series of dots and dashes that spell out the names of the colour blue in Morse code. It is called “L’Amorse du bleu” by Yann Kersalé.
The false door
As you approach this beautiful arched opening, clad in gold and marble, you might not even notice the engraved words on the wall, which read “porte fausse” meaning false door or gate.
Why is it a false gate? Well, when the old city was surrounded by a large defensive wall, there was a small sort of hidden door here. It was designed to be discreet and unnoticed by the enemy. When they weren’t under attack, the inhabitants used this gate, which was linked to the Old Town by a dark narrow corridor that passed through part of a building. In 1946, the owner of the building donated part of it to make the larger public opening that we see today.
This “false gate” was decorated as part of Art in the City. The artist, Sarkis, saw it as a transitional space between the Old Town and the modern city and lavished it with gold and marble. On the landing, you can see a white marble block holding a black tray. It says “les postes restantes”, which means post being held. The idea was that visitors and locals could write letters or postcards (to the city or to the inhabitants) and leave them in the tray. As far as I know, this practice has never caught on because, unfortunately, the only thing I have ever seen in this tray is rubbish. (As you can see in the photo below the tray is empty.)
Ben has his say
All along the tramway you will find the work of Benjamin Vautier, better known simply as Ben. He is renowned for his handwritten black and white messages. The station names are written in his signature style along with various slogans such as “repartir à zero” (start over from scratch), “le nouveau est vieux” (the new is old), and occasionally you might see one in English such as “look elsewhere”. Found at 21 stops, these sayings give us something to ponder along our journey.
These are just six of the thirteen works that you can find along the tramway, so there is more for you to discover. There used to be a very interesting guided tour which has, sadly, been discontinued, but you can pick up a brochure in the tourist office and do the tour on your own. It is best to see the art in the evening as many of the installations are lit. Enjoy!
At an estimated cost of €770 million, Nice’s controversial second tramway line – T2 – will link the port to the both airport terminals and the Prefecture by 2018.
The 11.3km of the East-West line will serve 20 stops, including 4 underground stations: Garibaldi, Square Durandy, Jean Médecin and Alsace Lorraine (Victor Hugo and Gambetta). Travelling at a speed of 25 km/h (against 14.5km/h for T1), it’ll take 26 minutes to get to the airport from the port.
The project includes the construction of at least 4 relay-parks (Parcazur) with more than 1,250 parking spaces. Buying a tram ticket will allow you to park your car for free to get to the city centre. Probably your best bet as access to roads, like off Victor Hugo, is soon to be limited.